WEDNESDAY, April 14, 2021 (HealthDay Information) — Earlier than the pandemic started, suicide danger was twice as excessive amongst feminine nurses in contrast with American girls as an entire, a brand new examine warns.
Even throughout the well being care group itself, feminine nurses had been discovered to be roughly 70% extra more likely to die by suicide than feminine medical doctors.
Why? Examine creator Matthew Davis mentioned that for now, “We do not know for sure what forces are immediately liable for the upper danger of suicide amongst nurses. It could possibly be associated to excessive job calls for, decrease autonomy in comparison with physicians, avoidance of psychological well being providers for concern of stigma, [and] better entry to the means to finish suicide,” which means prescribed drugs.
Not solely that, however the pandemic “has added huge pressure to well being care staff, significantly nurses who present the overwhelming majority of bedside care,” mentioned Davis, an affiliate professor within the Division of Methods, Inhabitants and Management on the College of Michigan.
Within the examine, Davis and his group pored over suicide danger info — for adults 30 and older — drawn from the Nationwide Violent Loss of life Reporting System.
Greater than 159,000 suicides occurred throughout the examine time-frame — 2007 to 2018. Of these, practically 2,400 concerned nurses, roughly Eight in 10 of whom had been girls. (That correlates with estimates indicating that 80% to 85% of nurses are girls, the examine authors famous.
Simply over 850 suicides had been cited amongst medical doctors, of which about 85% had been males. The rest (156,000 suicides) had been among the many common public; three-quarters of these instances concerned males.
Drilling down, Davis and his group decided that the suicide incidence amongst nurses was 17.1 per 100,000, in comparison with 8.6 per 100,000 amongst girls in most people, a doubling of danger.
The image is murkier with respect to male nurses, mentioned Davis, because of the examine’s small pattern of male nurses. However suicide danger amongst medical doctors was not discovered to be considerably larger than the danger seen among the many common public.
The group additionally noticed that when nurses or medical doctors take their lives, medication are sometimes concerned. In reality, whereas 17% of most people died by suicide through poisoning, that determine jumped to almost 25% amongst medical doctors and nurses. Particularly, clinician suicides had been extra doubtless than common public suicides to ivolve the usage of antidepressants, barbiturates, opioids and/or benzodiazepine medicines.